Solair World

Common Solar Panel Problems and Solutions

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Investing in solar panels emerges as a wise decision.

This investment not only advocates for environmental responsibility but also facilitates monetary savings on energy bills.

Despite their beneficial aspects, solar panels demand minimal maintenance, making it crucial to understand common challenges and their solutions.

Through this article, we endeavor to guide you by shedding light on some common solar energy problems and solutions.

Inverter Problems


Inverters play a pivotal role in solar energy systems by converting the DC form of solar energy into the AC form of usable electricity once the solar panels have captured sunlight.

They are usually stored in upper levels of structures and have a shorter lifespan of 10-15 years compared to solar panels’ 20 years.

Their functionality is vital for the entire solar electric setup, making it imperative to address any damage immediately.


Luckily, many inverter issues are straightforward to fix.

It’s advisable to consult professionals for guidance.

In case of a power outage leading to inverter malfunction, checking the switch position is a good initial step.

Any damaged parts should be replaced promptly to restore functionality.

Roof Solar Panel Cracks


The fragile nature of solar cells makes them susceptible to microcracks which might appear under natural conditions.

Initially elusive, these cracks tend to grow over time, eventually disrupting energy flow within the solar panel and diminishing its efficiency.

Once large enough to impact electricity production, these cracks are nearly irreparable, necessitating panel replacement.


A proactive approach involving regular inspection and maintenance, preferably conducted by professional teams, can identify and address such issues before they escalate.

When replacement becomes inevitable, it should be done without delay to maintain system efficiency.

Roof Damage


The installation process of solar panels can potentially damage roof materials due to the piling and fixing operations, although in some instances, they might provide protective support.

The impact varies with each situation.

There’s a risk of loose or damaged roof tiles which warrants periodic checks to ensure roof components remain intact.


Pre-installation assessment to identify the most suitable installation spot can mitigate potential damage.

Utilizing cushioning pads at contact points during solar panel racking installation can alleviate pressure on the roof.

Should damage occur, engaging a remodeling team for repairs and maintaining the home condition regularly is recommended.

PID (Potential Induced Degradation)


PID arises from charge accumulation on the surface of solar cells, aggravating the surface passivation effect, and leading to a reduction in key electrical parameters and power attenuation of up to 50% in the battery module, a serious concern for solar panel efficiency.


Professional installation of electric panels can help prevent PID, along with ensuring the installation environment shields the panels from extreme temperatures.

Regular inspections to detect any degradation in photovoltaic energy conversion efficiency are also crucial.

Snail Trail Issue


Snail tracks on solar panels form a thin layer that, when accumulated, affects light absorption area, thereby reducing photoelectric conversion efficiency and power generation.

Over time, uncleaned snail tracks can cause physical damage to the panels.


Regular inspections and cleaning are essential to prevent and address snail track problems, ensuring the solar panels remain efficient and damage-free.

Solar Panel Cost


The perceived high solar panel costs deter individuals from adopting this renewable energy source.

Despite a decrease in costs over the years, the initial investment remains a concern alongside the necessity for regular maintenance.


Exploring local subsidy policies, and government incentives like tax credits or rebates could ease the financial burden.

Additionally, financing options like loans or lease programs could provide a feasible pathway to solar system ownership.

Battery Issues


In off-grid solar setups, batteries store generated electricity.

However, problems such as overcharging and undercharging pose risks, potentially leading to power outages or fire hazards if maintenance is overlooked.


Ensuring professional handling for battery installation, maintenance, and regular system checks could mitigate these issues.

Continuous monitoring for any signs of battery damage or deterioration is also crucial.

Hot Spots


Improper solar panel installation or wiring issues can cause hot spots, leading to overloaded wires, poor soldering, and compromised cell structures.

These hot spots, being extremely high-temperature points, pose fire risks, cause short circuits, and can adversely affect the solar panels’ lifespan and performance.


Regular inspections of electrical panel components and structures, ensuring tight connections, and monitoring panel readings for error indications can help prevent the occurrence of hot spots.

Solar Panel Recycling


Solar panels significantly contribute to clean energy production; however, their recycling presents challenges.

The costs associated with separating silicon and silver exceed manufacturing costs, with the demand for such technology being low.

Moreover, solar panels contain hazardous materials like lead, posing environmental threats if not properly disposed of or recycled.


Focusing on recycling easily recyclable components like glass, which constitutes a major part of solar panels’ weight, and working towards unified recycling solutions for other non-recyclable, environmentally harmful components can be a step towards addressing this issue.

Electrical Issues


Solar panels are integrated into a circuit system, and issues like loose connections or broken wiring can arise.

These problems, if neglected, could result in power outages or fire hazards.


Professional installation ensures safe wiring and product setup.

Regular checks on the electrical panel and circuit connection system to identify and rectify any loose or damaged parts are essential for preventing electrical problems.